Practitioners and researchers described each other as having distinct cultures that preclude effective communication because of language barriers. the likelihood of success, costs, possible side effects, and so forth. One goal of this research is to examine the correlation between what people think they would do during a hurricane evacuation and what they actually do. Second, more can be understood about the challenges of social science research utilization when they can be compared with the challenges facing disciplines such as earthquake engineering and earth science. And some of the 18 selected activities included here can apply to more than one cell. Some years ago a national study found that disaster management is very low on the agenda of city officials (Rossi et al., 1982). Open space adjacent to rivers and streams was preserved for public parks, recreation sites, and gardens. Lawrence R. Research dissemination: actively bringing the research and policy worlds together. As part of its NEHRP role, NSF supported early social science studies on research utilization in the hazards and disasters field. Translations in context of "dissemination of knowledge" in English-German from Reverso Context: The dissemination of knowledge plays a key role in the taking of entrepreneurial initiatives and promoting entrepreneurship. Planning and conceptual foresight. This team works together over the course of training development. Here is perhaps the most challenging part of the process: In those documented cases where stakeholders have actually applied such knowledge, research should be focused on determining the extent to which this knowledge has made a difference. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. This increased output has important implications for what practitioners such as urban and regional planners and emergency managers can conceivably do to decrease society’s vulnerability and to enhance its capacity to mitigate, prepare for, and respond to disasters. Also, through comparative analyses, approaches to research utilization in one country might be identified as relevant for consideration in another. This approach is disseminated to communities through the NWS Storm Ready Program. From Research to Practice: A Knowledge Transfer Planning Guide. This project is an example of social science researchers working together internationally to develop new ways of studying community vulnerability and improving local capabilities for response to hazards and disasters in rural areas. Research, public policymaking, and knowledge-translation processes: Canadian efforts to build bridges. As discussed in other chapters of this report, NEHRP has fostered social science research on disasters and has championed the application of knowledge generated by this research. Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email. The reason for that success was straightforward. As discussed in Chapter 6, disasters impact developed and developing countries alike. Such research would provide an opportunity to test cross-culturally the principles of research utilization discussed earlier, determining their degree of universality. The social science evaluators noted that the effectiveness of the operation was hampered by the physical layout of the building, which interfered with social interactions, and also by the reliance on out-of-date communications protocols and equipment. Patricia Carcaise-Edinboro, PhD. These include a flexible structure suited to activity coordination, good interpersonal relationships, frequent and open communication, adaptability, and shared responsibilities. Disseminating Information on disseminate In the future, it would be worthwhile not only to know the relative degree of success that such programs and activities have achieved over time, but also to determine such things as what core hazards and disaster research topics are the most challenging in terms of meeting research utilization goals, and the impact of new technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS) and the Internet on effectiveness. The higher the threat condition, the greater is the assumed risk of a terrorist attack. A frequently cited example of the success of this program comes from the experience of Van Wert County, Ohio, which experienced an outbreak of tornadoes in 2002. 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